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Learning Robot Framework : Introduction

Robot framework

  • Generic test automation framework for acceptance testing
  • Keyword Driven (standard, user defined)
  • Can be extended with programming language libraries


  • Free
  • Easy Syntax
  • Mininum coding efforts
  • Reporting, Logging
  • Many standard, external libs, extensions with python programming
  • Distributed structure

Install Robot Framework


pip install robotframework
Collecting robotframework
  Downloading robotframework-4.0.3-py2.py3-none-any.whl (655 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 655 kB 2.1 MB/s 
Installing collected packages: robotframework
Successfully installed robotframework-4.0.3

Selenium library

pip install robotframework-seleniumlibrary
Collecting robotframework-seleniumlibrary
  Downloading robotframework_seleniumlibrary-5.1.3-py2.py3-none-any.whl (94 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 94 kB 1.7 MB/s 
Requirement already satisfied: robotframework>=3.1.2 in /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages (from robotframework-seleniumlibrary) (4.0.3)
Collecting robotframework-pythonlibcore>=2.1.0
  Downloading robotframework_pythonlibcore-3.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (9.9 kB)
Collecting selenium>=3.141.0
  Downloading selenium-3.141.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (904 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 904 kB 3.2 MB/s 
Collecting urllib3
  Downloading urllib3-1.26.5-py2.py3-none-any.whl (138 kB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 138 kB 3.2 MB/s 
Installing collected packages: urllib3, selenium, robotframework-pythonlibcore, robotframework-seleniumlibrary
Successfully installed robotframework-pythonlibcore-3.0.0 robotframework-seleniumlibrary-5.1.3 selenium-3.141.0 urllib3-1.26.5

Browser driver

brew install chromedriver

Create test case

*** Settings ***
Library           SeleniumLibrary

*** Variables ***
${BROWSER}  Chrome

*** Test Cases ***
Browser Start and Close
    Open Browser  ${URL}  ${BROWSER}
    Close Browser

Input Search Keyword
    Open Browser  ${URL}  ${BROWSER}
    Maximize Browser Window
    Enter Search Keyword  本
    # This kind of keyword is basically calling API connected with Selenium

*** Keywords ***
Enter Search Keyword
    [Arguments]  ${searchkeyword}
    Input Text  name: stx  ${searchkeyword}

Run the tests

robot start_close_browser.robot 
Start Close Browser                                                           
Browser Start and Close                                               | PASS |
Input Search Keyword                                                  | PASS |
Start Close Browser                                                   | PASS |
2 tests, 2 passed, 0 failed
Output:  /Users/
Log:     /Users/
Report:  /Users/